Fomichov, V. A. (2003). Methods of Designing Computer Technologies Helping to Develop Symbolic Information Processing Skills, Creativity, and Broad Mental Outlook
(Guest editorial). Educational Technology & Society, 6(3), 17-18 (ISSN
Methods of Designing Computer Technologies Helping to
Develop Symbolic Information Processing Skills, Creativity, and Broad
Vladimir A. Fomichov
Professor of Computer Science
Department of Mathematical Methods and Programming
for Information Processing and Control Systems
Faculty of Applied Mathematics
Moscow State Institute of Electronics and
109028 Moscow, Russia
Department of Information Technologies
University – “MATI”
121552 Moscow, Russia
The four articles in this Special Issue of Educational
Technology and Society are modified and extended versions
of a part of the papers included in the Second International Workshop "Developing
Creativity and Broad Mental Outlook in the Computer Age – CBMO’2002".
The workshop was held in conjunction with the 8th Conference
of the International Society for the Study of European Ideas (ISSEI’2002)
‘European Culture in a Changing World: Between Nationalism and Globalism’,
22 - 27 July, 2002, The University of Wales, Aberystwyth, England.
The purpose of the workshop was to contribute to the
progress of Cognitive Science, Education, and Educational Technologies
in the world by means of creating a new synergy between the specialists
in Cognitive Linguistics, Cognitive Psychology, Philosophy, Education
Theory and Practice, Artificial Intelligence, Intelligent Computer and
This Special Issue continues the line of the Special
Issue published in the Journal of Educational Technology and Society,
4 (2), http://ifets.ieee.org/periodical/vol_2_2001/v_2_2001.html).
The paper “GLOBETROTTER: Words with their travel-bags”
by G. Turrini, A.Paccosi, L.Cignoni (Pisa, Italy) describes the first
prototype of a multimedia software destined for making the study of the
lexicon of a foreign language (English in the considered case) more efficient
and less boring. This computer system is child-centered, highly interactive,
open and flexible; it can be used, first of all, by the teachers and
pupils of the primary and junior high schools.
The article “A New Paradigm for Constructing Children-Oriented
Web-sites of Art Museums” by O.S. Fomichova and V.A. Fomichov (Moscow,
Russia) sets forth the central ideas of a new approach to creating Web-sites
of art museums; it is proposed to take into account the peculiarities
of the child’s cognitive-emotional sphere. The central idea is that now
the way information is provided on the Web-sites of art museums is based
on the expected background of the possible users and on possible motivation.
In case of children, everything is different: information
acquisition is to be based on strong interest. The significance of the
discussed Web-sites for creating cognitive foundations of sustainable
development and the role of natural language processing systems are discussed.
The starting point for the paper “HILBERT & PATRIC:
Hybrid Intelligent Agent Technology for Teaching Context-Independent
Reasoning” by P. Bello and S. Bringsjord (Troy, NY, U.S.A.)
was the following observation. As American university education becomes
more ‘electronic,’ the educators are moving away from the one kind of
learning that we know to be most effective, namely, one-on-one instruction.
However, this traditional way of teaching has proved to be very effective
as concerns producing students who are able to successfully employ context-independent
reasoning in technical domains. With respect to this observation, the
authors envisioned an automated logic instructor as adaptable and fully
available to each student at all times. They developed a suite of intelligent
agents, including PATRIC and HILBERT, that marries the cutting edge in
artificial-intelligence-driven tutoring with the state-of-the-art in
proof construction courseware.
In the fourth paper “A WWW Information Seeking Process
Model” by S. Loeber and A.Cristea (Eindhoven,
The Netherlands), the authors describe the World Wide Web (WWW) navigation
and search processes as sub-categories of a generalized information seeking
process. They present a generalized ISP model and discuss the additional
relevant features needed for extending it towards a better interpretation
of WWW user behaviour. The main focus of this paper is the integration
of the user needs in the WWW ISP modeling.
Both the Guest Editor and the authors of the papers
greatly appreciate the kind invitation of Prof. Kinshuk to prepare a
CBMO’2002-based Special Issue of the ETS-Journal. Many thanks also to
the reviewers of the papers for their time and work in helping to prepare
this Special Issue.